Software development

What is Adhoc Testing? Types with Example

Since it’s one of the quicker processes, ad hoc testing is usually done when there’s limited time and resources available within the testing team. Perhaps they’re overburdened with other tests and tasks, or there’s no time for elaborative, formal testing to be done. In these cases, ad hoc testing is a quick and effective solution to uncovering defects with very little prep time. What separates it from exploratory testing is the random and unstructured approach. While exploratory testing offers more flexibility in testing, it still follows formal, structured testing methods, enabling testers to set goals and boundaries.

  • Or perhaps time constraints limit the tester’s ability to execute the complete test suite.
  • This sort of testing occurs after the unit testing of a module has been finished.
  • Ad hoc testing is an exploratory approach to software testing where the tester does not follow a predefined test plan but performs testing on an ad hoc basis.
  • It is also important for the test team to have access to the test environment and data and to work with it in a controlled and secure manner.
  • If testers are unfamiliar with the program, the best approach is for them to begin their testing by looking for the section of the application where the most of the mistakes occur.
  • You can perform Adhoc testing in response to user feedback or bug reports.
  • Developers can also conduct Ad hoc testing while coding to ensure better code quality.

Ad-hoc testing tools allow you to create a test case without having to go through the process of creating a formal test plan. These tools are often used in agile testing environments where rapid, iterative testing is necessary to keep pace with development cycles. Although adhoc testing does not need any previous preparation or documentation, a basic strategy may be highly beneficial and efficient.

Type of Adhoc Testing

This can ensure that the application is of high quality, meets the intended objectives, and provides a positive user experience. It is typically performed when there isn’t enough time to finish extensive testing, which entails creating test requirements documents, test cases, and test case designs. The best time to conduct this type of testing is after formal testing techniques are finished.

ad hoc testing

Since it doesn’t follow any sort of test plan, it doesn’t require documentation or specific techniques to create test cases. Ad hoc testing is a software testing technique performed without any specific test plan or predefined set of steps. Instead, testers use their intuition, experience, and creativity to identify defects and issues that more formal testing methods may not find. Major focus is on finding the bug.It is a time basis approach to perform this testing which helps in managing and tracking. Buddy testing is a unique software testing approach involving two team members – one from the development team and one from the testing team. This collaborative effort allows for a more comprehensive evaluation of the application, as both individuals work together on the same module, sharing ideas and uncovering defects and bugs.

What is Adhoc Testing? Different Techniques & Tools with Examples

Without any test cases and documents, it might be difficult to reproduce the issue. Proper timelines should be put in place for effective utilization of the time. Testers should focus on the most important features used by the end-user. In Adhoc, we can test the application in different platforms and devices which are usually not covered in the test cases. Let’s say we have a working web application, we can disable javascript in another browser and test the application there. Testers should have a good understanding of the product because Adhoc testing completely depends on improvisation and intuition.

ad hoc testing

The ideal time to conduct is after the completion of all formal testing techniques. However, ad hoc testing can also be conducted in the middle of the software development, after the complete development of the software, or after a few modules have already been developed. Similar to ‘buddy testing’ in some ways, ‘pair testing’ involves a pair of testers working together on the modules for testing. The two testers will share ideas, knowledge, and opinions over the same machine in order to identify defects or errors. Due to the random nature of the testing, this method has earned the name ‘monkey testing’.

Planning For Ad Hoc Testing

For example, identifying errors that occur when the option for JavaScript is disabled in different browsers, etc. The randomness of the approach used in this testing is why it is termed as ‘monkey testing’. This is why it is also sometimes known as Monkey Testing or Random Testing. This is why it is important for only those testers who have good knowledge of the software to conduct this test. Ad-Hoc testing is usually conducted by a tester who has a strong knowledge of the software under test, regarding what it does and how it works.

Numerous testing tasks developed from the formal process must also be completed in that short time. Ad hoc testing has a small chance of making it into the testing in these circumstances. The main problem with Ad-hoc tests is that it’s hard to track what has been tested, what hasn’t been tested yet, and what the test results mean. Since there are no plans for the tests ahead of time, there’s no way to know what edge cases and error conditions have been tested or haven’t been tested yet. This approach is best suited for identifying errors and inconsistencies that lead to serious application flaws. Here, the software test is carried out without adequate planning and documentation.

Find Out Error-Prone Areas

It is a black-box testing method that focuses on both logical and illogical scenarios randomly. Ad Hoc testing uncovers bugs that we wouldn’t have found when we followed the formal process. It may seem a little different to the formal methods you’re used to, but this is what makes it so unique and beneficial to developers and QA engineering teams. Since no documentation is required, it becomes more difficult to map defects to test cases because testers can’t keep track of STR’s . Accelerate your testing strategy by combining multiple types of testing.

ad hoc testing

Ad-Hoc testing has the benefit of saving time that would otherwise be spent on documents such as test requirements, test case planning, design, and so on. It is also often done after the structured testing has been completed. This is done in order to uncover software problems that would not have been found by following the previously prepared test cases. If testers are not familiar with the application, then it is recommended that they identify the error-prone areas of the applications and start from there. Selecting sensitive areas to conduct ad hoc testing will allow testers to find errors with more ease. Testers should have good knowledge of the business and clear understanding of the requirements- Detailed knowledge of the end to end business process will help find defects easily.


This type of ad hoc testing is conducted with a minimum of two people. It takes place after unit testing of a module has been conducted and completed. This type of testing can also be considered a combination of both system and unit testing. Ad-hoc Testing saves lot of time as it doesn’t require elaborate test planning , documentation and Test Case design. Applying intelligent automation provides an incredible improvement in quality, an increase in application testing speed, and optimizes application testing costs.

Simply noting the important points and locations that need to be tested will assist the testers in covering most of the program in the shortest period of time. It’s difficult for the tester to recreate an issue since the testing method isn’t defined and no specific test case is performed. This is because the tester must recall the precise procedures he took to get the mistake, which is not always achievable. The application can be simply tested by both testers and developers since no test cases need to be prepared and built. This makes it easier for developers to write more effective and error-free code. Adhoc testing is a term that refers to testing that is done on the fly.

When to Conduct Adhoc Testing

If testers are unfamiliar with the program, the best approach is for them to begin their testing by looking for the section of the application where the most of the mistakes occur. Erroneous errors are sometimes reported as a result of the tester randomly executing invalid test cases, which causes a problem in the following error correcting operations. It may be used in conjunction with other testing methods to create more informed and effective findings. Because there is no formal method for ad-hoc testing, it may be done at any point throughout the software development lifecycle.

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